High-Intensity Interval Training (HIIT) and Endurance Training are both popular exercise regimes that have been shown to benefit respiratory health. However, recent studies have suggested that HIIT may provide additional advantages for individuals with respiratory diseases, compared to traditional endurance training. In this blog, we’ll explore the benefits of HIIT compared to endurance training in respiratory disease.
HIIT is a form of cardiovascular exercise that involves short, intense bursts of activity followed by periods of rest or low-intensity activity. It can be performed using a variety of exercises, such as running, cycling, or bodyweight exercises, and typically lasts for 20-30 minutes.
Endurance training, on the other hand, involves prolonged periods of moderate-intensity activity, such as jogging or cycling, for 30 minutes or more. This type of training is aimed at improving cardiovascular endurance and is often used as a standard form of exercise for individuals with respiratory diseases.
Studies have shown that HIIT could improve pulmonary function in individuals with respiratory diseases such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) (Gao, M et al., 2022). This is because HIIT involves short bursts of high-intensity activity, which can help to improve the strength and efficiency of the muscles involved in breathing.
HIIT has been shown to improve aerobic capacity, or the ability to use oxygen efficiently during exercise, in individuals with respiratory diseases. This is important because individuals with respiratory diseases often have reduced aerobic capacity, which can lead to fatigue and shortness of breath during physical activity.
HIIT has been shown to burn more calories than endurance training, due to the high-intensity nature of the workout. This can be beneficial for individuals with respiratory diseases who may also struggle with weight management and obesity-related health issues.
HIIT workouts are typically shorter in duration than endurance training, making them a convenient option for individuals with busy schedules. This can make it easier for individuals with respiratory diseases to incorporate regular exercise into their daily routine.
Endurance training is well-known for its ability to improve cardiovascular health, which can be especially beneficial for individuals with respiratory diseases. This is because respiratory diseases can often lead to cardiovascular complications, such as heart disease and stroke.
Endurance training has been shown to reduce inflammation in individuals with respiratory diseases, which can be beneficial for reducing symptoms and improving overall health.
Endurance training can be performed using low-impact exercises, such as swimming or cycling, which can be easier on the joints and muscles than high-intensity activities.
Both HIIT and Endurance Training have been shown to have benefits for individuals with respiratory diseases. However, HIIT may provide additional advantages due to its ability to improve lung function, increase aerobic capacity, burn more calories, and be more time-efficient. It’s important to note that individuals with respiratory diseases should always consult with a healthcare professional before starting any new exercise regime, and should choose a workout that is appropriate for their individual needs and abilities.